India's major concern - The Naxalism


17 Security Personnel of District Reserve Guards (DRG) and Special Task Force (STF) lost their lives in Sukma, Chhattisgarh during encounter with Naxals. Headlines of 22 March 2020, while nation already fighting with Covid-19.

Chattisgarh Chief Minister Bhupesh Bhagel visited Rama Krishna hospital in Raipur to meet security personnel who were injured in the encounter.

Prime Minister Modi condemned and paid tribute to the security personnel, saying that their valour will never be forgotten.

What is Naxalism

The term Naxalites come from Naxalbari, a small village in West Bengal, where a section of the Communist Party of India {Marxist} (CPI-M) led by Charu Majumdar, Kanu Sanyal, and Jangal Santhal initiated an uprising in 1967. 

Mao Zedong provided ideological leadership for the Naxalbari movement, advocating that Indian peasants and lower class tribals overthrow the government of the upper classes by force.

A large number of urban elites were also attracted to the ideology, which spread through Charu Majumdar's writings, particularly the 'Historic Eight Document's which formed the basis of Naxalite ideology.

Using People's courts, similar to those established by Mao, Naxalites try opponents and execute with axes or knives, beat, or permanently exile them.

Ideology of Naxalism

The ideological basis for these violent movements was provided by the writings of Marx and Engles and this ideology is commonly called Communism/Marxism and this was later supported by Lenin and Mao Zedong.

Leftist ideologies believe that "all existing social relations and state structures in an elitist and capitalist society are exploitative by nature and only a revolutionary change through violent means can end this exploitation"

Red Corridor

Communist Party of India:- 

- The CPI Party is the major left-wing extremist outfit responsible for a major of incidents of violence and killing of civilians and security forces.
- The CPI Philosophy:-  Armed insurgency to overthrow the Government

CPI - The 4th deadliest group

- 74% of terror attacks in India in 2017 were non-lethal 
- There were a maximum total of 43 terror groups active in India 
- 53% of terror attacks in India were carried out by Maoists in 2017
- More than half of the terror attacks in India in 2017 took place in three states - Jammu and Kashmir(25%), Chattisgarh(15%) and West Bengal(10%)
- India witnessed 8% fewer terror attacks 
- Total 8,584 terror attacks took place in 2017 worldwide in which 18,753 people were killed while 19,461 were injured

The Government of India's approach

- In dealing with this decades-old problem, it has been felt appropriate, after various high-level deliberations and interactions with the State Governments concerned, that an integrated approach aimed at the relatively more affected areas would deliver results.
- With this in view, a detailed analysis of the spread and trends in respect of Left Wing Extremist violence has been made and "90 districts in eleven states have been taken up for special attention with regard to planning, implementation and monitoring various interventions."

Important Initiatives for LWE affected states 

- Security Related Expenditure {SRE} Scheme
- Special Central Assistance {SCA} for 30 most LWE affected districts 
- Schemes of Fortified Police Stations
- The assistance of Central Agencies for LWE management scheme
- Civic Action Programme{CAP}
- Media Plan
- LWE Mobile Tower Project
- Road connectivity Project for LWE affected areas {RRP-2}

The rapid decline in Naxalist related fatalities

News Excerpt

Overall, the Government try to reduce insurgency in India and by some projects Government fulfill their requirements
For Example- SAMADHAN

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  1. In this situation Indian army need to take revenge but what is the next step taken by indian government


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